Disc Bulge

It is a condition characterized by the weakening of the outer fibrous portion of intervertebral disc. As a result of weakening of the spinal support, the central disc bulge out in situations of spinal pressure.

This condition is generally asymptomatic but some individuals may develop muscle weakness and pain (depending upon the area of involvement). The most frequent sites of involvement are L5-L5 and L5-S1. Read more


Disc Protrusion

Disc protrusion is a potentially serious spinal condition in which the annulus fibrosis of the spine (intervertebral discs) tends to bulge out or protrude when the pressure is applied via certain spinal movements. It is imperative to keep in mind that the outermost layering of annulus fibrosis are still intact. This disc protrusion significantly increases the risk of developing disc herniation. Read more


Disc Herniation

The lifetime risk of developing this serious spinal condition is 2% (1). Spinal disc herniation (also referred to as slipped disc) refers to complete herniation or displacement of soft jelly like intervertebral disc from the tough fibrous cartilage that supports intervertebral joints

It is imperative to mention that these gelatinous intervertebral discs serves as a cushioning agent to minimize wear and tear injury of intervertebral cartilage and bones, while permitting friction-free movements. Read more


Whiplash Associated Disorder

A whiplash injury occurs when neck moves in a sudden forward direction and abruptly bounce back in the backward motion due to acceleration/ declaration effect (just like spinning a whip). In all such cases, the ligaments and connective tissue elements of neck and associated cervical/ spinal joints are significantly compromised. Whiplash injuries are usually reported in road-traffic accidents (especially with rear-end collisions), competitive sports related injuries (such as football and basketball) or direct hit on the neck during physical assault. Read more