Upper Cross Syndrome

Inadequate sleeping habits or chronic improper posture increases the risk of developing upper cross syndrome that is marked by recurrent episodes of tension type headaches, moderate to severe pain in the upper and neck region and changes in the normal posture marked by:

  • Forward headposture
  • Rounding of shoulders and upper back musculature due to anterior tilting of shoulder blades

Pathophysiology of upper cross syndrome revolves around, overuse of isolated joints due to poor body posture that leads to muscular compensation… Read more


Lower Cross Syndrome

Lower Crossed Syndrome (also referred to as thepelvic or distal cross syndrome) is characterized by the abnormalities in the muscle strength and tone of pelvic and lower limb musculature. The muscles that are primarily involved in this muscular imbalance syndrome are rectus femoris and iliopsoas(muscles responsible for bending the thighs and hip), gluteus muscles (which help in abduction and rotation of hip joint) and hamstrings muscles. Read more


Forward Head Posture

Forward head posture (also referred to as Reading neck or Scholar neck) is characterized by anterior inclination of the head posture due to forward projection of cervical spine. Certain causative agents can lead to forward head posture; such as history of trauma or injury to the neck, paralysis or weakening of neck muscles, inadequate sleeping postures, improper posture while sitting or working and repetitive stress or strain on the neck region. Read more


Dowager’s Hump

This condition is characterized by an abnormality in the shape or curvature of the thoracic vertebrae due to spinal disc degeneration or compression. Dowager’s hump is frequently reported in spinal malignant lesions or other disorders of bone; such as osteoporosis, Marfan’s syndrome or kyphosis (abnormal bending of spine).

Most patients with Downager’s syndrome presents with following symptoms; however, if the compression is mild, the condition may be asymptomatic. Read more


Unlevel Pelvis

It is a common condition that is characterized by the functional imbalance of the lower extremities due to which pelvis appears unlevelled or disproportional. The anatomical components of the legs and spine also appears unequal due to pelvic changes.

Unlevel pelvis is usually reported in the setting of congenital anomalies of the pelvis (or related birth defects), congenital or acquired spinal injuries, a history of acute trauma or direct impact over the spine and related situations. Read more


Twisted Pelvis

Twisted pelvis (also referred to as pelvic torsion) refers to the abnormal rotation of one hip in comparison to the other at a wider angle. Pelvic joints are supported by a number of ligaments; however, chronic strain, stress or postural deficits may lead to impaired competency/ strength, leading to twisted pelvis.

The rotation of the pelvis may be in either of the forward or backward direction. Read more